Historical Sites and Scenic Sports

Hengshan, North Holy Mountain

Release Time: 2017-01-09
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Hengshan, North Holy Mountain

 

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                                    Photographed by Liu Yujun

Mt. Hengshan is famous holy place for Taoism since ancient times and known as ‘Towering Mountain Supporting the Heaven’ and ‘Most Famous Mountain in North China’. It is one of the five holy mountains of China. The other four are Mt. Taishan in Shandong Province (East Holy Mountain), Mt. Huashan in Shannxi Province (West Holy Mountain), Mt. Hengshan in Hunan Province (South Holy Mountain) and Mt. Songshan in Henan Province (Central Holy Mountain). Tianfengling Peak, the summit of Mt. Hengshan at 2,017 meters above sea level, is located 3 kilometers to the south of Hunyuan County. The complex of ancient architecture in Mt. Hengshan was first constructed during the Northern Wei Dynasty (386-534). Major restoration was undertaken in the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644) and a further restoration project was done in the Qing Dynasty (1644-1911). The main ancient buildings preserved surround the summit of Mt. Hengshan are Hall of the King of North Holly Mountain, Chamber of the King of North Holy Mountain, Pavilion of Dressing, Temple of Immortals’ settlement, Temple of Ten Heavenly Kings, Temple of Pure Trinity, Temple of Jiutian Goddess, Temple of God of Military, Hall of Ascending to Heaven, Temple of Emperor Zhenwu, Temple of White Dragon King, Bitter and Sweet Well, Tower Forest, Pavilion of the God of Literature, Hall of Receiving Honorable Guest etc. Mt. Hengshan features peaks soaring to the sky with steep and precipitous cliffs, therefore most of the buildings are on the precipitous cliff designed skillfully and constructed boldly, namely Hall of God of North Holly Mountain, Chamber of the God of North Holy Mountain, Pavilion of the God of Literature, Hall of Pure Trinity and Hanging Temple. As the most famous scenic sport and historical sites of Mt. Hengshan, the Hanging Temple has established its unique position as one of China's unique and remarkable feats of architectural engineering with its characteristics of long history, gravity-defying location, unique construction, evenly distributed and well-balanced structure. Historical records trace the construction of the origin of the Hanging Temple back 1,400 years to the later period of the Northern Wei Dynasty (386-534), although much was reconstructed in the later Dynasties.Facing to Tianfeng Peak, Hanging Temple is build halfway up the side of a precipitous cliff of Cuiping Peak of Hengshan Mountain. Hanging Temple is constructed almost entirely of wood. There are more than 40 halls from big to small housing more than 80 sculptures. Hengshan Mt. was put in the name list of first batch of National Park of China by the State Council due to its beautiful landscape and rich cultural and history. It was inscribed into National Natural and Cultural Heritage List in 2009.

 

 

Hanging Temple

 

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                                Photographed by Liu Yujun

Facing to Tianfeng Peak, Hanging Temple is build halfway up the side of a precipitous cliff of Cuiping Peak of Hengshan Mountain. Historical records trace the construction of the origin of the Hanging Temple back 1,400 years to the later period of the Northern Wei Dynasty (386-534), although much was reconstructed in the later Dynasties. Hanging Temple is constructed almost entirely of wood. There are more than 40 halls from big to small housing more than 80 sculptures. Hanging Temple has established its unique position as China’s unique and remarkable feats of architectural engineering with its characteristics of gravity-defying location, unique construction, evenly distributed and well-balanced structure.

           Chinese Edited and English Translated by Datong Foreign and Overseas Chinese Affairs Office

                                                            English Revised By Adrian Frost (UK)

 

北岳恒山

北岳恒山是我國著名的道教圣地,號稱人天北柱絕塞名山,與東岳泰山、西岳華山、南岳衡山、中岳嵩山并稱中華五岳。北岳恒山主峰天峰嶺位于渾源縣城南三千米,海拔2017米。恒山建筑群始建于北魏,明代大規模修葺,清代屢有修葺。現存主要建筑有恒宗殿、北岳寢宮、梳妝樓、會仙府、十王殿、純陽宮、九天宮、關帝廟、羽化堂、真武廟、白龍王堂、苦甜井、塔林、魁星樓、接官亭等。由于恒山山聳風大,故建筑多依懸崖峭壁或開鑿石窟而建,形成了獨特的懸、奇、險、隱的建筑風格。雄視南天的恒宗殿,負崖高聳;隱入幽處的北岳寢宮,嵌入石窟;上應北斗的魁星樓,獨立險峰;下臨深淵的三清殿,巧建絕壁。尤其是建在金龍峽峭壁上的懸空寺,融美學、力學和建筑學于一體,在中國古代建筑史上占有重要地位。懸空寺始建于北魏后期,距今已有1400多年的歷史。它背靠翠屏峰,面對天峰嶺。全寺以木質結構為主,寺內共有大小殿閣四十余間,供奉佛像、神像八十余尊。北岳恒山以人文景觀與自然景觀的完美結合而被國務院批準列入第一批國家風景名勝區。2009年,北岳恒山被列入國家自然和文化雙遺產預備名錄。

懸空寺

懸空寺位于恒山金龍峽的懸崖峭壁上,背靠翠屏峰,面對天峰嶺。懸空寺始建于北魏后期,距今已有1400多年的歷史,以后歷代均有修繕。全寺木質結構為主,寺內共有大小殿閣四十余間,供奉佛像、神像八十余尊。懸空寺融美學、力學和建筑學于一體,在中國建筑史上占有重要地位。

                                                       大同市政府外事僑務辦公室編譯

                                                                     Adrian Frost()英語審校

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